How to grow pine: the rules for growing lush plants both in pots and in the garden

How to grow pine: the rules for growing lush plants both in pots and in the garden

How to grow pine: the rules for growing lush plants both in pots and in the garden

Stone pine, Scots pine, maritime pine, mountain pine, there are many varieties of this wonderful plant. Which can also be grown in pots.

The pine belongs to the Pinaceae family of which there are numerous varieties: Pinus mugo, Pinus nigra, Pinus radiata, Pinus Pinea and so on. Its leaves are needle-like because they are made up of more or less numerous needles depending on the type. The cultivation does not require particular care but differs according to the variety, although some rules apply in general. Whether you want to grow it in pots or in the garden, here's how to proceed.


The Pinus genus includes, as we said, many varieties that are divided into 3 main subgenres: Pinus, Ducampopinus, Strobus. The pines are characterized by the presence of needles gathered in groups. They are their leaves.

Among the most common varieties in Italy, we remember the mountain pine, the stone pine, the Scots pine, typical of the alpine areas. And again the black pine and the loricato pine of the Apennine areas. Maritime pine, stone pine, and Aleppo are more common in the Mediterranean area.


Pines love to be planted in sunny locations unless they are grown in areas warmer than they originally came. As for the soil, it is better to favor it sandy, light and dry. And speaking of fertilization, the ideal is to use manure in autumn. Cultivation can start from sowing in the ground even if it is better to prefer sowing in pots. But if you want to simplify the process, it is better to buy the seedling in the nursery and transfer it to the open ground in the autumn season.

The maritime pine prefers a mild climate but can be grown both in the north and in the south as it is quite resistant. The important thing is to avoid places that are too windy. The seedling purchased in the nursery can be grown in pots up to a certain age of the tree and then transferred to the ground. Remembering that this pine does not tolerate too wet and heavy soils. Also know that it must be fertilized but not pruned if anything cleaned from time to time.

Small evergreen conifer, mountain pine loves cool weather and tolerates heat poorly. It does not require a specific soil, the important thing is to water it regularly and let it grow naturally. It is usually grown in rock gardens.


The pine can be grown in pots but then it should be planted in the garden, in the ground. If desired, it is also possible to grow it starting from a pine cone. But it is important that it is fresh and closed so that the seeds are inside. After that, it should be placed in a dry place until it opens. At this point, it should be ready to release the seeds.

The latter, once extracted, should be placed inside a paper handkerchief moistened with water, without exaggerating. The handkerchief should be placed in a plastic bag and stored in the fridge for about thirty days. As soon as the seeds begin to germinate, they can be transferred to the pot, adding a few needles and a bit of bark after burying them. Here the plant must reach at least a few cm in height before being transplanted again.


On the terrace, the pine can be grown in pots following the procedure described. Since it loves sunny places, it should be placed in a bright spot on the terrace. Unless you live in a very hot and dry place. If so, he might prefer some shade.


Beware of parasites, especially when the trees are still young: they are often attacked by the processionary moth and woolly aphids. Aficid products can be used against them. While the acaricidal insecticides are recommended to treat the minor blastophagus and the green spider.

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